York gum species list
(Soils are generally fertile red brown hard setting loams and the surface has a gentle relief with occasional granite outcrops.)
Acacia acuminata (raspberry jam tree, jam wattle, mangard) Upright, fast growing, small tree (6-10m tall spread of 3-5m) flowers Jul - Aug. Adapts to most relatively well drained soils and prefers full sun, growing best in warm areas. Frost tolerant, ornamental and provides some shade. The Jam tree is the floral emblem of the Shire of Toodyay. It is one of the preferred hosts of the native plant, sandalwood. It also supports a local mistletoe that produces the sticky, edible white or pink berries that mistletoebirds prefer.
Acacia lasiocarpa Small mounded shrub to 1m with yellow flowers, prefers well drained soil.
Acacia celastrifolia( shining wattle) Medium shrub (2-4m tall spread 1.5-2m) flowers Jul - Oct. Ornamental wattle with grey-green foliage. Well drained, light to medium soils and partial or full sun. Prefers shelter from strong winds and appreciates a light pruning.
Acacia meisneri Dome shaped shrub (2 m high spread of 2 m) blue-green foliage and produces yellow flowers May - Jan. Light to medium soils, withstands waterlogging for short periods, and prefers full sun. Useful as a low component of a windbreak.
Acacia microbotrya (manna wattle) Large shrub or small tree (2-6m, spread 3-4m), fast growing with light yellow flowers April - Sept. Well drained soils, prefers full sun. Ideal to include in a windbreak and as a shelter plant.
Acacia pulchella (prickly moses) Prickly small shrub with profuse golden yellow flower heads July - Nov. Well drained light to heavy soils, dappled shade, partial or full sun. Useful for restricting human and animal access to areas. Prune after flowering to prolong life of plant.
Acacia saligna (golden wreath wattle, koojong) Medium shrub or small tree (3-10m tall spread of 3-6m) bright golden yellow flower-heads in Aug - July. Well drained, light to heavy soils and partial to full sun. Frost tolerant. Fast growing, useful as windbreak, soil and water-table stabilizer and as emergency green feed. Supports a myriad of insects, including jewel beetles and butterflies.
Acacia hemiteles An excellent small growing Acacia forming a mound 1.5m x 1.5m covered in golden yellow flowers. Will grow in heavy soils. Commonly associated with Salmon gums. Very drought tolerant.
Allocasuarina campestris (tamma sheoak) Adaptable shrub will grow in wide range of soils with a preference for well drained gravelly soils and often associated with granite, with partial or full sun. Drought and frost resistant.
Allocasuarina huegeliana (rock sheoak) Spreading tree (10-15m tall spread of 5-10m) Excellent for shade, shelter and windbreaks. Adapts to most relatively well drained soils with full sun. Useful for soil erosion control, drought resistant and tolerant of most frosts.
Calothamnus quadrifidus (one side bottle brush) Medium shrub to 2m with red flowers and dense feathery foliage. Prefers medium soils and will tolerate very dry conditions. Excellent for birds.
Callistemon phoeniceus (bottle brush) Large shrub to 3m with large bright red flowers from October - November. Grows in a wide range of conditions and soil types. Excellent for birds.
Eucalyptus loxophleba (york gum) Medium tree (6-18m tall spread 5-12m) Flowering Sept - Dec. Grows in drier areas on and close to drainage lines in sandy loams with a neutral to slightly alkaline clay loam to clay subsoil. Hardy to most frosts and drought tolerant will withstand limited periods of waterlogging. Suckers readily after fire.
Eucalyptus rudis (flooded gum) Medium tree (10-20m tall spread 8-13m) flowering Aug - Nov. Grows along streams in wetter areas on most soils but does not tolerate extended dry periods. Hardy to moderate frosts and periods of waterlogging. Useful for erosion and waterlogging control.
Eucalyptus salmonophlia (salmon gum) Tall tree (12-30m tall spread 8-20m) flowering Aug - Mar. Well-drained but generally shallow neutral to slightly acidic loams with a clay sub-soil. Slow growing and needs plenty of space to develop fully. Useful farm shade tree.
Hakea lissocarpha (honeybush) Small shrub (0.6-2m tall spread 1-3m) flowering May - Sept. Small clusters of white flowers. Prefers ree draining soils, full sun or semi-shaded areas. Tolerant to most frosts and extended dry periods. Respond to pruning. Useful for embankments, informal hedging, foot traffic control and nesting refuge for small birds.
Hakea preissii (Christmas hakea, Christmas needlewood) Spiky medium shrub (2-4 m tall spread 2-3m) flowering Oct - Jan, flowers insignificant. Full sun, good drainage, hardy to most frosts, hedging as foot traffic control and very good nesting refuge for birds.
Hakea prostrata (harsh hakea) Shrub (1-5m tall spread 2.5-6m) Small white flowers. Occurs on sandy or loams soils. Valuable for embankment, windbreak and screen planting as well as for foot traffic control. Heavy frosts may damage growth. Tolerant of some water logging.
Hakea trifurcata (two leaf hakea) Shrub (2-3m tall spread 2-5m) flowering May - Nov clusters of white flowers. Quick growing in well drained sand, sandy loam or granitic loam, a sunny site is suitable. Hardy to moderately heavy frosts. Excellent for screening and as a light windbreak.
Hakea undulata (wavy leafed hakea) Large shrub (1.5-3.5m tall spread 1.5-3m) flowering July - Oct.Samll white flowers. Prefers fairly good drainage but tolerates short periods of wetness. Full sun or light shade. Heavy frosts damage young growth. Useful for screening, hedging, foot traffic control and as a bird refuge.
Kennedia prostrata (running postman) Groundcover, flowering July - Dec with red pea like flowers. Adapts to wide range of well drained soils but can tolerate brief periods of inundation. Full sun or dappled shade. Hardy to most frosts and extended dry periods but may die back and re-sprout when conditions are more favourable. Responds to light pruning to prolong plant's growth.
Melaleuca radula ( graceful honey myrtle Shrub (1-3m tall spread 1-3m) flowering July - Oct Pale pink flowers. Prefers fairly good drainage and needs plenty of sun to flower prolifically. Responds to supplementary watering during extended dry periods. Hardy to moderate frosts. Suitable for hedging if trimmed regularly to bush up and attractive to nectar feeding birds.
Melaleuca uncinata (broombush) Shrub (1-5m tall spread 0.8 -3.5m) flowering July - Dec. Full sun or semi shade, can be slow growing but are long-lived. Hardy to fairly heavy frosts and extended dry periods. Useful for windbreaks and screening purposes.
Sollya heterophylla (Australian bluebell) Twining shrub to 1m with a spread of 1m flowering much of the year but mainly Oct - Feb. Bluebell flowers hang down. Also occurs with white flowers. Occurs on a variety of soils.